The Church and Chapel in Badby

The Parish Church of St. Mary The Virgin

Badby Church
The Parish Church of St. Mary The Virgin, Badby
(Photo: Peter Cooper)

The Parish Church of St. Mary The Virgin, a Grade II* listed building, dates from the early years of the 14th century. The design of the windows and the mouldings round the top of the pillars point to a time just before 1348 when the Black Death swept the country.

The impressive clerestory windows were added in the 15th century and are said to be among the finest in the County. Inside the church, above the Chancel Arch, the line of the original pitched roof can be clearly seen. The ‘new’ windows must have brought about a dramatic change in the feel of the interior by giving a greater sense of light and space.

The screen that would once have separated the nave from the chancel, dividing the secular activities of the nave from the sacred activities of the chancel and sanctuary, was removed at the Reformation (1540); it may be that a part of it now acts as the front panel of the altar. The altar rails also date from the 17th century.

The original tower of the church collapsed in 1705 and was rebuilt in 1709. The altar rails also date from the 17th century.

The church, both interior and exterior, was much restored in 1880 by E.F. Law. Most of the tie beam roof timbers, the tower arch, the stained glass in the chancel, south aisle and west tower and the vestry and organ chamber date from the nineteenth century.

A kitchen and toilet were added as a 'north porch' in the late 20th century.

An interesting exception to the late date of most of the glass can be found in the east window of the north wall of the north aisle. Two portions of glass are heraldic shields; one is the Arms of Evesham Abbey and the other the Royal Arms of England between the reign of Henry IV and Elizabeth I. The other portion of glass is a roundel displaying an Abbot’s mitre and the letters T.N., the initials of Thomas Newbold who became Abbot of Evesham in 1491. These portions of glass demonstrate the patronage of Badby by Evesham Abbey before the dissolution of the monasteries. The two shields were previously situated in the clerestory windows and the roundel in the war memorial window. All three were restored and placed in their present position in 1983.

(Source: Parish 2000 Badby Appraisal and A quick guide to Badby Church, courtesy Geoff Pullin)

The Parish

Badby with Newnham were thought to belong to Croyland Abbey from 726AD and passed to Evesham Abbey, ratified by King Canute in 1018AD. The first rector of Badby with Newnham (Badby cum Newnham) was Henry de Cokenato, appointed by the crown in the mid 13th century. From 1285 appointments were made by Evesham Abbey. In 1343, the first vicar was Reginald Musard.

After Evesham Abbey was dissolved by King Henry VIII in 1539, the manor was granted to Sir Edmund & Ursula Knightley of Fawsley and the rectorship to Christ Church Oxford. Appointments were made by Christ Church Oxford from 1597.

Since 1919, appointments have been made by the Bishop of Peterborough. In 1971 Roy Wilfred Dooley became vicar and was additionally priest in charge of Fawsley from 1982 until he died in 1989. The United Benefice of Badby with Newnham and Charwelton with Fawsley and Preston Capes was formed in 1991. Since then the Rectors have been:
1991–1997 Revd Stephen Paul Adams
1998–2008 Revd Michael David Petitt
2010– Revd Susan Ann Faulkner

Features to look for in the church

Click on the areas of the plan to see more about the church and its features

St Mary's Church, Badby The organ chamber and vestry
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The organ chamber and vestry

  • A relatively modern construction, built in 1880-1
  • A small organ made by Atterton was housed here from 1894 until 1996
  • Before the vestry was built the north aisle would have ended with a wall rather than the arch that now leads through to the vestry

The Chancel
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The Chancel

  • The wide chancel arch
  • The unusual step down to the chancel
  • The first world war memorial window at the west of the south side
  • The double sedilia (stone seats) and piscina (wash basin) south of the altar
  • The 17th century altar rails
  • Metal text panels each side of the east window
  • The 1995 aumbry and perpetual light

The North Aisle
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The North Aisle

  • Small piscina in the half pillar indicating there was an altar against this wall, probably dedicated to a saint whose figure would have stood in nearby niche
  • A square recess near to the piscina which used to be an aumbry, a safe for the reserved sacrament, the consecrated bread and wine
  • A tall scooped recess or niche for a statue, probably destroyed 1547-53
  • Ball flower decoration around the top of the eastern and western half pillars
  • East end side window glass, reformed in 1982, with coats of arms of Evesham Abbey and C15 King in stained glass. Initials at the top of Thomas Newbold, Abbot of Evesham, 1491-1514
  • North door blocked up in 1880 when an early C19 vestry removed; reopened in 1991

The Nave
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The Nave

  • The west arch, constructed in 1880 to replace a low semi-circular one
  • The glazed screen, installed in 1933
  • The magnificent clerestory windows, added above the arches in the 15th century
  • The line of the earlier roof on east wall
  • The octagonal pulpit of 17th century

The South Aisle
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The South Aisle

  • The east end window with 'stem and leaf' tracery; glass is dated 1881
  • The eastern side window replacing a smaller one in the mid 19th century
  • The 15th century font pedestal. The top stone bowl was fitted in 1881. The font was moved about 60 ft to the east in 2018
  • Charity trust boards hanging on the wall
  • The only memorial floor slab, a re-used headstone, in the north west corner, now hidden under the 2018 rear platform

The Tower & Clock
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The Tower & Clock

  • The tower was rebuilt in 1707-9 after the original fell down in 1705
  • The height from its base to the top of the pinnacles is 72 feet
  • Its solid floor is over 6 feet above the nave floor
  • The west window, with its tracery in two planes, replaced a smaller window in 1888. It is a memorial to Major John Francis Green
  • The clock was made in around 1780, and installed second-hand in 1822. It drives one clock face
  • The clock is now electrically wound. Since July 2007, the "Westminster” quarter chimes are radio-controlled and independent of the clock

The graveyard and exterior of the Church
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The graveyard and exterior of the Church

  • The replacement nave gable cross was fitted in 2001 to mark the Millennium
  • The churchyard was closed for burials in 1886. The present cemetery is located on the hill facing the east of the church
  • A large tomb for the Watkins family, who funded much of the Victorian reconstruction, is just south east of the chancel
  • A row of 3 chest tombs approximately 3m east of the chancel and a chest tomb approximately 7m east of the chancel are both Grade II listed monuments

The bells

Five bells were hung in 1709 in a new oak frame placed diagonally in the tower. This rotted and a completely new steel and iron frame with a new extra bell were provided by John Taylor of Loughborough in 1931-2. The outcome was a very fine sounding ring of six bells.

The 4th bell became cracked in its crown. The Whitechapel Bell Foundry recast it and it was dedicated by the vicar on Easter Sunday 2000.

The Treble weighs 297kg, cast in 1931 at Loughborough
No. 2 weighs 389kg, cast in 1623 at Leicester
No. 3 weighs 440kg, cast in 1623 at Leicester
No. 4 weighs 535kg, cast in 2000 at London
No. 5 weighs 679kg, cast in 1623 at Leicester
The Tenor weighs 716kg, cast in 1822 at Oxford.

The bells are rung in the full-circle English manner, with practices every Wednesday.

The Chapel

The Chapel, Badby
The Chapel, Badby

The Chapel was opened as a Congregational Church in 1873 by Mr Edwin Ashworth Briggs of Ashwell House, Badby. Prior to this, services were held on the village greens, weather permitting, or at Ashwell House. The Briggs family was also involved in the erection of Newnham and Flore Chapels.

Little is known of the Briggs family. Although it is said that many of the chapels built around this period cost less than two hundred pounds, to be involved in the building of three chapels suggests that they were a family of some means. The Chapel was renovated in 1929 by Mr Charles Rodhouse, J.P., of Daventry.

It is now the Badby United Reformed Church.

(Source: Parish 2000 Badby Appraisal)

Last updated 2 March 2018